Cage – the cage must be adequate and large enough to give it plenty of space to climb, jump and fly about. This can be species specific so research what bird you are planning to purchase before buying the cage.
Toys – if you have a parrot-type species, make sure it has chewing and puzzle toys. Try a variety of toys to see what it likes. Always check the toys for hazards or damage that can entangle in their toes, etc. Most birds require stimulation that will curb behaviors like attempting to destroy their cage, plucking their feathers and excessive noise.
Clean Cage – spot clean and change paper daily. Every week you must give the perches and cage interior a good wipe down. Once a month, remove everything for a complete disinfect and clean. If your bird is messy, do it more often.
Give the bird freedom – again is this dependent on species and the time would also depend on species too. if you own a macaw or African Grey it must be several hours, while you can keep a tame cockatiel door open whenever it is awake, and you are home. Many bird owners give their birds freedom to roam the house and keep the cage for sleeping. When you do decide on this, make sure your house is hazard-free and free of other pets like dogs and cats.